Tennessee Facts

Tennessee Facts

State FlagTN Flag


The state flag was officially adopted on April 17, 1905. It was designed by Captain LeRoy Reeves of the Third Regiment, Tennessee Infantry. He described his design as follows:

The three stars are of pure white, representing the three grand divisions of the state. They are bound together by the endless circle of the blue field the symbol being bound together in one – an indissoluble trinity. The large field is crimson. The final blue bar relieves the sameness of the crimson field and prevents the flag from showing too much creation when hanging limp. The white edgings contrast more strongly the other colors.

The Roman numerals XVI signify that Tennessee was the 16th state to enter the Union. The plow, the sheaf of wheat and a cotton stalk symbolize the importance of agriculture, while the riverboat attests to the importance of river traffic to commerce. This was adopted as the official state seal in 1987. 

State Facts

Origin of state name: 
Tansi, or Tennessee, was a Cherokee town name that later became the

State Seal


TN State Seal
name of the region.  It translates to mean "the meeting place."
 
Capital:                          
Nashville

Largest City: 
Memphis

Slogan:                         
“Tennessee – America at its best.” (1965)

Motto:                             
“Agriculture and Commerce” (1987)
 
Nickname:                   
“The Volunteer State”

Area:                             
42,146 square miles (length: 491 miles, width: 115 miles)
 
Geographic Center:
5 miles Northeast of Murfreesboro in Rutherford County (Longitude: 86° 37.3'W, Latitude: 35° 47.7'N)
    
Highest Point:             
Clingman’s Dome, 6,643 ft., Great Smoky Mountains National Park
 
Lowest Point:              
Mississippi Bottoms, 178 ft. above sea level, near the Mississippi River

Major Rivers:               
Tennessee, Mississippi, Cumberland, Clinch, Duck
 
Major Lakes:                
Kentucky, Norris, Chickamauga, Cherokee, Tims Ford Reservoir

County Profile:             
95 counties

Population:                   
6,346,105 (17th largest state)

Bordering States:      
Eight total – Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, Missouri,   North Carolina, Virginia (Tenessee has more bordering states than any other state in the country.)

Tennessee Symbols 
               
Wildflower:

Passion Flower                   
Passion Flower

Cultivated flower:

Iris      
Iris

Tree:

Tulip Poplar Bud                             
Tulip Poplar
 
Fruit:

Tomato                               
Tomato

Bird:

Mockingbird                               
Mockingbird

Wild Animal:

Raccoon               
Raccoon

State Insects:

Firefly              
Firefly

Ladybug
Ladybug

Agricultural Insect:

Honeybee      
Honeybee
 
Butterfly:

Zebra Swallowtail
Zebra Swallowtail

Amphibian:

Cave Salamander 
Tennessee Cave Salamander
 
Reptile:

 Box Turtle
Box Turtle
 
Horse:

Walking Horse
Tennessee Walking Horse

Gemstone:

River Pearl
Tennessee River Pearl
 
Rocks:

Agate
Agate

Limestone
Limestone
 
Songs:
My Homeland, Tennessee; When It’s Iris Time in Tennessee; My Tennessee; Tennessee Waltz; Rocky Top; Tennessee and The Pride of Tennessee.
 
Art form:
Songwriting
 
Folk Dance:
Square dance